• Kehalalan Ingridien yang Berasal dari Mikroba

    Mikroba yang biasa digunakan untuk menghasilkan ingridien pangan adalah dari golongan bakteri dan fungi (yang meliputi khamir atau yeast dan jamur ). Dalam hal ini, semua ingridien dari mikroba adalah halal. Titik kritis kehalalan tergantung pada media yang digunakan. Media dari bahan halal, menghasilkan produk halal. Porduk ingridien menjadi tidak halal jika selama proses menggunakan media yang berasal dari bahan haram (babi dan turunannya) dan atau media yang bersifat najis.

  • Kehalalan Ingridien yang Berasal dari Hewan

    Dalam ilmu bahan pangan, ingridien dari hewan dapat diperoleh dari telur, ikan, susu, dan daging. Berdasarkan pada potensi kehalalannya, telur, ikan, dan susu memiliki titik kritis rendah artinya, halal untuk dikonsumsi sepanjang tidak diproses. Jika diproses, maka harus ditelusuri cara proses (ada tidaknya bahan tambahan dan fasilitas pengolahan yang digunakan. Sepanjang tidak ada bahan tambahan atau bahan tambahan yang haram dan alat pengolahan tidak terkontaminasi dengan alat pengolahan barang haram, produk ingridien dari telur, ikan, dan susu, dijamin halal. Sebaliknya, daging adalah sumber ingridien yang memiliki titik kritis tinggi. Pertama, harus dengan jelas dapat diketahui atau diidentifikasi bahwa daging yang dimaksud bukan dari hewan yang diharamkan.

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    Halal telah menjadi konsep yang universal, terlebih dengan akan diberlakukannya Undang-Undang Nomor 33 Tahun 2014 tentang Jaminan Produk Halal di tahun 2019 ini. Halal adalah istilah yang secara eksklusif digunakan dalam Islam yang bermakna ìdibolehkanî secara hukum (Islam) atau syariat. Kebalikannya, haram, bermakna tidak dibolehkan secara syariat.

  • Kesiapan Sertifikasi Halal oleh BPJPH

    Dalam kaitannya dengan kesiapan, Kepala Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Produk Halal (BPJPH), Sukoso mengungkapkan bahwa ada langkah-langkah konkrit yang diambil seperti (i) penyelesaian PP, (ii) penyiapan sistem informasi halal, (iii) penyelesaian peraturan/aturan keputusan Menteri Agama, (iv) implementasi BPJPH sebagai badan layanan umum berdasarkan amanah UU 33 dan keputusan Kementerian Keuangan (v) implementasi cabang atau perwakilan BPJPH di daerah (vi) penyiapan LPH dengan realisasi MOU bersama perguruan tinggi dan lembaga (vii) penyiapan pelatihan auditor halal kerja sama BPJPH ñ Litbang ñ Kementerian Agama ñ MUI (viii) kerja sama luar negeri. 

  • Prosedur Pengajuan Sertifikasi Halal

    Proses pengajuan sertifikat halal dalam UU JPH diawali dengan pengajuan permohonan sertifikat halal oleh pelaku usaha kepada Badan Penyelenggara Produk Jaminan Halal (BPJPH). Selanjutnya, BPJPH akan melakukan pemeriksaan kelengkapan dokumen. Pemeriksaan dan/atau pengujian kehalalan produk dilakukan Lembaga Pemeriksa Halal (LPH). LPH tersebut harus memperoleh akreditasi dari BPJPH yang bekerja sama dengan MUI. Penetapan kehalalan produk dilakukan oleh MUI melalui sidang fatwa halal MUI dalam bentuk keputusan penetapan halal produk yang ditandatangani oleh MUI. BPJPH menerbitkan sertifikat halal berdasarkan keputusan penetapan halal produk dan MUI tersebut. 


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S2 PSD Road Safety Education Resource

ANNEX 2 REVIEW OF ROAD ACCIDENT CASUALTIESREVIEW OF ROAD ACCIDENT CASUALTIES INVOLVING CHILDREN IN SCOTLAND

This part of the study comprises a brief review of the most recent road accident data for Scotland 30. The problems 4-chlorodehydromethyltestosteron facing children during the transition between primary and secondary are well known and were, for example, set out in booklet published by the AA Motoring Trust 31 in which data for Great Britain showed that 11 12 year olds are twice as likely as a 10 year old to be killed or injured in a road accident on the school journey.

The purpose of this review is "Comprar Gh Jintropin" to quantify the problems in terms of the reported casualty numbers in Scotland involving children during the transition from primary to secondary school. To show the wider context, the review looks at differences by road user type, severity of injury, age and contributory factors Winstrol 20mg A Day 32 across children of all school ages. Some more detailed analysis is also provided for children in the 10 13 Testosterone Enanthate 1000 Mg Per Week year old age group.

Casualties for children of school age

In total, over the five year period 2002 2006, 10,289 children aged 5 15 were killed or injured 33 in road accidents. Figure 1 shows the distribution by road user type. It is evident that there is:

A step change in the number of casualties at the age of 12 and that it is associated with an increase in the number of accidents to/from schoolAn increase in the number of car occupant casualties as children approach the age of 16A slight decrease in the number of cyclist casualties as children approach the age of 16Figure 1: All casualties for children by age and road user group (2002 2006)

Over the same period (2002 2006) the number of killed and seriously injured ( KSI) casualties was 1,851. These are shown by road user type in Figure 2. There are clear peaks in casualties at the "Oxandrolone Powder India" ages of 8 and 12. The main changes for the "Comprar Gh Jintropin" over 12 age group relate to:

A decrease in the number of casualtiesAn increase in the number of car (and other vehicle) occupant casualtiesFigure 2: KSI casualties for children by age and road user group (2002 2006)

The "Anabola Steroider Norge Lagligt" analysis of all casualties hides a number of interesting and relevant trends that are occurring over the transition between primary and secondary school, which are discussed in more detail below.

Casualties in accidents on journeys to or from school

The number of children involved in road accidents who Testosterone Cypionate Blood Clots were reported as being on a journey to or from school over the five period was 2,184. This means that 21% of all child casualties occur on these journeys.

The number of child casualties occurring on journeys to/from school is very highly peaked around the age of 12, increasing almost threefold from the age of 10 to the age of 12. This increase is associated with the increase in casualties at the age of 12. The number falls as children approach the age of 16 (see Figure 3). This is a clear indication of the problems that face children as s when they begin to travel further and more independently to school.

Figure 3: All casualties for children on a journey to/from school by age and road user group (2002 2006)

In contrast, Figure 4 shows the number of child casualties in accidents occurring when children are not on a journey to/from school. The trend here is very different for children on a journey to/from school (Figure 3). In Figure 4 there is a general increase in the number of casualties by age without any discernible peaks. The exception is that the number of car occupant casualties rise as children approach the age of 16.

Figure 4: All casualties for children not on a journey to/from school by age and road user group (2002 2006)

It is clear from this analysis that the increase in child casualties during the transition from primary to secondary school is directly related to the increase in the number of children being injured as s in accidents on journeys to and from school.

Differences between boys and girls

Of the 10,289 casualties (59%) were boys and (41%) were girls (4 casualties were not assigned a sex in the accident data) (see Table 1).